Interuterine Insemination (IUI)

For aspiring parents in Atlanta and surrounding communitites considering fertility treatment, intrauterine insemination (IUI), commonly referred to as artificial insemination, may likely be your first option. IUI offers an efficient, minimally invasive, convenient, and cost-effective means to become pregnant.

With IUI, a fertility specialist places sperm into a woman’s uterus while she is ovulating. IUI improves the likelihood that sperm will reach the fallopian tubes, boosting the chance of fertilization. IUI is a preferred treatment for LGBTQ+ families/couples, and men and women with sperm count and quality issues, unexplained infertility or cervical conditions.

Make RBA Your Atlanta IUI Destination

Since its establishment in 1983, Reproductive Biology Associates (RBA), a leading Georgia IUI clinic, has become internationally renowned as a true innovator in fertility treatment.

Led by Dr. Zsolt Peter Nagy, Scientific and Laboratory Director, our medical team includes surgeons, OB/GYN, reproductive endocrinologists and fertility specialists. Together, we possess more than 200 years of cumulative experience in diagnosing and treating fertility challenges. And, our world-class facilities, including those for Atlanta IUI services, house state-of-the-art technology, much of which our physicians pioneered.

Would You Benefit from IUI?

IUI offers an effective, less invasive treatment for many people, such as women using donor sperm or same-sex individuals and families. IUI may also be effective for those with such health issues as:

  • Cervical issues, such as scar tissue and irregular mucus
  • Ovulatory issues
  • A mild male factor contributing to infertility, also called subfertility, such as low sperm counts or motility, or movement.
  • Ejaculation dysfunction
  • Unexplained infertility that hasn’t responded to other treatments
  • Genetic diseases that result in miscarriage or abnormal births
  • Semen allergies

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How the IUI Process Works

IUI provides high-quality sperm with more opportunities to reach the fallopian tubes at the right moment when a single mature egg is present. This reduces the time and distance sperm must travel, and if successful, increases your pregnancy chances. Prior to IUI, you’ll meet with RBA fertility specialists, including doctors, embryologists, and nurses.

  • With IUI, your doctor needs to know exactly when you’re ovulating to ensure that sperm is injected at the right time. You must monitor for signs of impending ovulation, which usually occurs around 10-16 days after the first day of your period. You can time your ovulation with:

    • An at-home urine ovulation predictor kit, which detects when your body produces a surge or release of luteinizing hormone. LH spurs ovulation and helps produce hormones for pregnancy.
    • Transvaginal ultrasound, an imaging method that lets your doctor visualize your ovaries and egg growth.
    • An injection of medications or the hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which makes you ovulate one or more eggs at the right time. Typically, insemination occurs 24-36 hours after LH is detected in your blood or urine, or after the hCG injection.
  • Your partner provides a fresh sperm sample on the day of the IUI procedure at the clinic. Or, if using frozen donor sperm, the vial is thawed and prepared. This sperm is carefully washed and concentrated, separating the highly active, normal sperm from lower-quality sperm and other elements. Using a healthy, small, highly concentrated sample can increase pregnancy chances. Lower-quality sperm can also affect your body and interfere with fertilization.

  • Compared to IVF, IUI is a simpler, more convenient treatment, usually lasting about 15-20 minutes. It is performed in our Atlanta IUI clinic, and you won’t require any medications or pain relievers. You can expect the following stages during this procedure.

    • You’ll lie down on the exam table.
    • Your RBA doctor or a specially trained nurse will insert a tool called a speculum into your vagina, similar to a Pap test.
    • A catheter is inserted through your cervix into your uterus.
    • Your healthcare provider injects the washed sperm sample into your uterus.

    While generally painless, you may have some mild cramping, discomfort or infection during and afterward. Rarely, there may be spotting, or vaginal bleeding, although this won’t impact your pregnancy chances. You’ll also be taking ovulation-inducing medications, which can increase multiple pregnancy chances. A multiple pregnancy has more risks than a single pregnancy, including early labor and low birth weight.

  • Once insemination is completed, you may need to lie down for 10-30 minutes. Pregnancy occurs when sperm fertilizes an egg and that fertilized egg implants in the uterine lining. You may be given the hormone progesterone, which helps maintain your uterine lining and improves the chances of implantation.

    It's recommended not to give yourself an at-home pregnancy test during this time, as it can yield misleading results, such as:

    • False-negative – Pregnancy hormones not yet at measurable levels may show negative results when you really are pregnant.
    • False-positive – If you're using ovulation-inducing medications, such as HCG, it may remain in your body, and can indicate a pregnancy when you really aren't pregnant.

    Your doctor may then have you return about two weeks for a blood test, which is more sensitive in detecting pregnancy hormones after fertilization. Should you not become pregnant, you might try IUI again before moving on to IVF or another treatment.

How Much Does IUI Cost in Georgia?

IUI is one of the most cost-effective fertility treatments available. At RBA, we work with numerous affiliated healthcare providers. Some states have laws that say health insurance companies must cover some or all infertility treatment costs if you meet certain requirements. However, some insurance plans may not cover any Atlanta IUI costs, so you should check with your provider to be sure. For more information about your Georgia IUI payment options, visit our Financial Solutions page.

Schedule an IUI Consultation in Atlanta, GA

Intrauterine insemination is often the first fertility treatment for you and your family, and we're here to support you. Contact us to schedule a consultation.

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